To comply with Kansas Law effective July 1, 1998 (amended July 1, 2009; July 1, 2011; July 1, 2013), you must receive this Informed Consent at least 24 hours prior to your procedure. The State-written materials referenced within this form are available to you online and at Comprehensive Health of Planned Parenthood of Kansas and Mid-Missouri.
The final determination will be made by the doctor upon ultrasound examination. If you are between 4 - 12 weeks, the common procedure is Vacuum Aspiration. Medication Abortion is available for pregnancy termination between 4 - 10 weeks. If you are between 13 - 21.6 weeks the most common procedure is Dilation and Evacuation.
3. Types of Abortion Procedures:
First Trimester (4 - 12 wks) Vacuum Aspiration- This abortion procedure begins with a local anesthetic given to numb the cervix. The cervix is then widened using dilators, which are tapered rods that gradually increase in size. The physician inserts a small tube (cannula), which is attached to an aspiration device. The device's suction empties the contents of the uterus through the tube. The physician may check the walls of the uterus with a curette. The entire procedure takes less than 10 minutes. Sensations will vary, but they are mostly described as cramping or discomfort, which generally subsides within a few minutes after the procedure is over.
Early Non-surgical/Medication Abortion (4-10 weeks or up to 70 days) – While in the clinic, a drug, Mifepristone, is given to stop the development of the pregnancy. One to two days later, at home, a second drug (Misoprostol) is taken, causing the uterus to contract and expel the embryo and placenta. During this process cramping and bleeding will occur.
Second Trimester (13-21.6 wks) Dilation and Evacuation- During the initial appointment, the osmotic dilators are inserted into the patient's cervix to begin the process of slow and gentle dilation of the cervix. The abortion procedure occurs several hours later, or in some cases one or two days later and involves removal of the pregnancy with forceps. A suction instrument is used to clean the uterus, and a curette is used to check the uterine walls. Patients are then monitored in recovery for at least 2 hours following the procedure.
Complications of Abortion- Possible complications include: blood clots accumulating in the uterus, requiring another suction procedure; infections, most of which are easily identified and treated if the woman carefully observes follow-up instructions; a tear in the cervix, which may be repaired with stitches; perforation of the wall of the uterus and/or other organs, which may heal themselves or may require surgical repair or, rarely, hysterectomy; and abortion that is not complete or that does not end the pregnancy may require the procedure to be repeated; excessive bleeding due to failure of the uterus to contract, which may require a blood transfusion; death. In the second trimester, risks increase with every week of gestation.
4. Risks with terminating a pregnancy vs. carrying a pregnancy to term: There is approximately 1 death for every 167,000 women who have legal abortions and these rare deaths are usually of adverse reactions to anesthesia, heart attacks, or uncontrollable bleeding. The death rate for a woman carrying to term is about 10 times greater.
5. Your blood type will be determined the day of your appointment. Approximately 15% of the population is Rh negative. All Rh-negative women will receive an injection of Rhogam to prevent problems with future pregnancies such as miscarriage, severe fetal anemia or permanent fetal damage. The cost of the Rhogam is $100 - $225 depending upon fetal age.
6. State-written materials are available in printed form and online which list agencies which offer alternatives to abortion with a special section listing adoption services and providers of free ultrasound services, provide detailed information on the availability of assistance for prenatal care, childbirth, perinatal, and neonatal care, and contain additional State-mandated information. A link to the State written materials is available on the Comprehensive Health of Planned Parenthood homepage, as required by law. The information stated there does not necessarily reflect current medical opinion or that of Comprehensive Health.
7. Alternatives to abortion include parenting, foster care and adoption. For information about perinatal resources in Kansas, visit www.kdheks.gov/c-f/maternal.html or contact the Kansas Department of Health and Environment's Perinatal Health Consultant at (785) 296-1307. For information about national perinatal resources, visit the National Perinatal Association at www.nationalperinatal.org and Bright Futures at www.brightfutures.org.
8. You are free to withhold or withdraw your consent to the abortion procedure at any time prior to the dilation of the cervix during a surgical abortion or at any time prior to the administration of the first medication during a non-surgical abortion. Consent may be withheld or withdrawn without affecting your right to future care or treatment and without the loss of any state or federally funded benefits to which you might otherwise be entitled.
9. I received this information at least twenty-four (24) hours prior to my procedure.